19th-century picture frames include two major styles of frames: Empire frames and eclectic frames. Therefore we can say that the just mentioned styles compose the entire body of the frames produced during the 19th century. Click the following link to know more about Empire style.
In this section, we will mostly focus on eclectic style and the way it developed, from the mids of the second half of the19th century, it began to appear, within a new big industrial market, a new generation of furnishings. They were made with a mixture of different styles.
What would be then the most used pattern that craftsmen would apply to manufacture their products? From Renaissance to Empire, anyone. We can affirm that 19th-century frames are characterized by 500 years of arts. In the same frame, you will be able to recognize several types of decorations. Take as an example of our reproduction #041. Just one single frame contains ornate of the Roman 18th-century style, on the inner part of the profile, and a Louis XVI ornate on the outer edge. All decorations are mounted on top of an early 17th-century profile frame.
That is why our reproduction 041 is the perfect example of eclectic, which is anyway very evident in the reproduction frame #065. In this model you’ll see the four corners on the flat surface of the centina – the round inner part – which clearly derives from Neoclassicism, together with an Empire profile frame, typically formed by the high outer edge and the very shallow inner part.
If you watch the models above, you will realize, straight away, that Empire style has been predominant in 19th-century picture frames. After Neclassicism (1780), it developed a new shape of profile very hight in the outer side and shallow in the inner part of the structure of the frame.
Reproduction #047 its a good example of the Empire frame. Take a look at its profile, and you will recognize all the patterns discussed above. From the very beginning of the 19th century, Empire arts developed in France, under the Napoleon reign, and spread all over Europe until 1830, where a new style called Carlo X become the new fashion. The last style, before getting into eclectic arts, was Napoleon III style. (1850). After this last period, until the beginning of the 20th century, eclectic art remained the protagonist of the scene.